Speech refers to the actual sounds of spoken language. When toddlers are learning to speak, they are trying to coordinate all the different muscles of the lips, tongue, and jaw and it’s a complex process. Errors are to be expected and we are here to help.
Based on a cross-linguistic review of 27 languages, McLeod & Crowe (2018) concluded “children across the world acquire consonants at a young age. By five years old, children have acquired most consonants within their ambient language; however, individual variability should be considered.”
See below to identify when 90-100% of children will achieve sounds.